|Athos in Orthodox history|
|Thursday, 18 January 2007|
From an antiquity the Athos peninsula has been populated with Thracian and Macedonian tribes, then colonists from continent - aciant greeks and pelags. All sea routes connecting Greece with the East, passed through Athos. Its two-kilometre peak was as a leading light visible for tens of miles.
In 168 year b.c. Afon together with Macedonia has fallen under sovereignty of Rome, and settlements of its became quickly to fall into decay. Till bringing here Christianity not a lot villages have survived, engaging of cultivation of grape and olive groves.
a short while detained at Juliane the Turncoat the Christianity has
quite affirmed as development already at Feodosiya Great (379-395 ??),
destroyed on Athos last traces of paganism. The daughter Feodosiya,
tsarina Plakidija, wished to see Sacred Mountain and the Vatopedsky
monastery restored by the father when has arrived to Athos (382) and
entered into the Blagoveshchensk temple, has heard from an icon of
Bozhiej of Mother named subsequently "Predvozvestitelnitsej", a voice,
ruling to it to leave from limits of Athos. This event has formed the
basis to the initial establishment forbidding to women to appear on the
Sacred Mountain. In V century AD tsarina Pulherija has created two
monasteries - on a place of present Esfigmena and Ksiropotama.
Emperor Konstantin IV (668-685) after heavy wars with hazars and Persians has been compelled to conclude the agreement with the Arabs who have accepted Mohammedanism, on a lasting peace by refusal of Syria, Palestin and Egypt in which were concentrated the most ancient centres of Christian self-sacrifice. On VI Universal Cathedral, in 680, it was accepted the church decision (a rule 18) to give in the order of Mohammedans who persue the monks, the monasteries of Athos destroyed by Arabs. Imperial stuff confirmed for monks Sacred Mountain as exclusively their property (Konstantin's IV decree, 676), protected their calmness from encroachments imperial servants and simple people (Vasily Makedonianin, 872). After these fatal decisions for Orthodoxy, despite a triple devastation of Athos by barbarians (in 670, 830 and 866), monastic population at the time of emperor Vasily Porfirorodniy (976-1025) has reached to 50 000 persons.
|Last Updated ( Thursday, 18 January 2007 )|